US GOVERNMENT PATENT #6,630,507: "CANNABINOIDS AS ANTIOXIDANTS AND NEUROPROTECTANTS" HEMP HONEY LLC. DOES NOT SELL OR DISTRIBUTE ANY PRODUCTS THAT ARE IN VIOLATION OF THE UNITED STATES CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT (US CSA). THE COMPANY DOES SELL, AND DISTRIBUTE HEMP-BASED PRODUCTS.
CBD: WHO, WHAT, WHY, WHERE?
CBD is a natural constituent of hemp that has been shown to have positive health benefits but does not cause any psychoactive effects. Until recently the public was unable to purchase CBD products due to marijuana prohibition. CBD-rich hemp provides a legal alternative to medical marijuana and allows the consumer to enjoy CBD without the risk of getting high. CBD got its first major national exposure thanks to Dr. Sanjay Gupta and his documentary produced by CNN.
Since CBD has no psychoactive effect, it is an excellent option for people seeking the benefits of cannabis products who do not wish to break federal law or risk impairment. The US Government patented CBD over a decade ago for its anti-oxidant and neuro-protective properties.
Respected doctors such as Dr. Sanjay Gupta and Dr. Oz along with many others in the medical community have been extremely vocal about their support for medical cannabis.
Even though all hemp is non-psychoactive, not all hemp plants are federally legal. In order for legal CBD products to be produced, it must be derived from an imported industrial hemp plant. Once the product is made it must go through customs for a final check!
People often mistaken for each other, hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, the former being cultivated for seeds, oil and fiber, while the latter has historically been cultivated for its high content of THC, psychoactive compound.
Industrial hemp contains less than 1.5% THC and products derived from it generally contain less than 0.3% THC. The cultivation of this plant is legal in numerous countries (and only recently in a few states in the U.S.). The edible products obtained from industrial hemp, mainly the seeds and oil, are rich in protein, vitamins and fatty acids, so they’re an important source of nutrients that cause no side-effects. Thanks to its versatility, hemp is used as raw material for textile and body care products, pet food, paper, detergents and biomass fuel - to name a few.
Due to it's relationship to marijuana as a separate species of the cannabis plan, the controversy over the legalization of hemp has generated a lot of debate and has brought this plant into the spotlight again, increasing awareness about the properties of cannabidiol (CBD) and the benefits of CBD oil obtained from industrial hemp. However, there are still numerous sources of misinformation out there, so it’s worth pointing out the differences between marijuana, industrial hemp and therapeutic hemp.
INDUSTRIAL HEMP VS. THERAPEUTIC CANNABIS
Characteristics & Differences.
Hemp is grown differently than marijuana, and the oil is obtained from specific parts of the plant which do not contain THC. Most of the THC content is found in the buds and flowers of the cannabis plant, but industrial hemp is not cultivated to produce buds, so this explains the different content of THC in marijuana versus hemp.
Then, therapeutic hemp is not exactly the same as industrial hemp; the recently introduced “Charlotte’s Web Medical Hemp Act of 2014” defines therapeutic hemp, which is obtained from the Charlotte’s Web strain of low-THC, high-CBD cannabis, as “hemp that doesn’t make you high”.
Charlotte’s Web is considered a strain of medical marijuana, which is processed into a non-psychoactive extract with a high content of cannabidiol. It was first developed in 2011 by the Stanley brothers, by crossbreeding marijuana with industrial hemp, and it’s a regulated product. The level of THC is minimum and the amount of CBD is higher than in regular industrial hemp.
The plant owes its therapeutic properties to cannabidiol (CBD), a compound that was proven to have beneficial effects in nausea, inflammation, anxiety, convulsions and epileptic seizures. A significant number of studies have shown that CBD has positive effects on blood pressure and the nervous system, and can be a potential solution for stimulating bone growth, inhibiting tumor growth and treating diabetes. (See our Health Effects section for more information on available research for different health conditions.)
Producers of therapeutic hemp breed the plant to increase its content of CBD. Regular industrial hemp is not cultivated for this purpose, so although it does contain a low amount of THC and is not psychoactive, it also contains lower amounts of CBD than the therapeutic plant.
Hemp seeds are a good source of cannabidiol, but they don’t offer large amounts of this compound, so in order to get the most of this plant and obtain a product with a higher concentration of cannabidiol, special breeding & extraction techniques are required.
High quality industrial hemp CBD oil is usually derived from specially bred hemp plants, which have a higher level of CBD. But the original extracts from this hemp are still low in this compound, so it is necessary to purify it in order to obtain a higher concentration of cannabidiol. The purified industrial hemp extract used in commercial CBD oils generally range from 5% to 18% concentration.
To obtain similar concentrations from the marijuana plant, one has to use high-CBD strains, such as Charlotte’s web, Harlequin, Sour Tsunami, Cannatonic or Valentine X. The levels of CBD in these plants vary from grower to grower and even from plant to plant, so what really makes the difference is not the breeding itself but the extraction process.
The CO2 super critical fluid extraction process is generally considered the cleanest and safest for obtaining therapeutic CBD oil from hemp. Done correclty, it will result in a highly concentrated and nutrient-rich oil, loaded with phytonutrients. When shopping for hemp CBD oil, it is generally recommended to consider the source of hemp plants, the extraction process, and the quality of the company making them.